- During the Soviet era, the union republics—also known as the Soviet Socialist Republics (SSRs)—were the constituent parts of the Soviet Union. Since the 1950s, there have been 15 union republics (the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), each with a titular nation. Prior to World War II, the last three—collectively known as the Baltic States—had been independent countries, and their annexation into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as union republics was never recognized by many Western governments. Moldova was created on 2 August 1940 through a merger of Ukrainian territory and lands annexed from neighboring Romania. From 1940 to 1956, Kareliya was known as the Karelo-Finnish SSR, making it the 16th union republic. Nominally a federation, the USSR permitted the right of secession to each republic. During the summer of 1991, the Baltic States seceded from the union. In early December 1991, Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine de facto exercised this right by signing the Belavezha Accords. On 25 December 1991, the Alma-Ata Protocol completed the dissolution of the Soviet Union, with the remaining republics gaining their independence. During the late Gorbachev era, the parliaments of a number of Russia’s Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics (ASSRs), including Chechnya, unsuccessfully attempted to elevate their status to that of a union republic.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National anthems of the Soviet Union and Union Republics — The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and its constituent republics each had a national anthem (generally referred as state anthem). The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic had no anthem, and used exclusively that of the Union: the… … Wikipedia
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet … Universalium
Republics of the Soviet Union — The Republics of the Soviet Union were, according to the Article 76 of the 1977 Soviet Constitution, Sovereign Soviet Socialist states that had united with other Soviet Republics to become the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or Soviet Union,… … Wikipedia
Union of Sovereign States — The Soviet Republics which drafted the New Union Treaty (red and orange) and the non participating republics (black). Union of Sovereign States (Russian: Союз Суверенных Государств [ССГ] Soyuz Suverennykh Gosudarstv [SSG]) was the proposed name… … Wikipedia
Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics — The New Union Treaty ( ru. Новый союзный договор) was a draft treaty that would have replaced the 1922 Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and thus would have replaced the Soviet Union by a new entity named the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics… … Wikipedia
Unión Soviética — Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas Союз Советских Социалистических Республик¹ Soyúz Soviétskij Sotsialistíchieskij Respúblik¹ … Wikipedia Español
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — former country in E Europe & N Asia, extending from the Arctic Ocean to the Black Sea & from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific: formed in 1922 as a union of fifteen constituent republics, it was disbanded in 1991: 8,649,000 sq mi (22,401,000 sq km);… … English World dictionary
Union — generally refers to two or more things joined into one, such as an organization of multiple people or organizations, multiple objections combined into one, and so on. The term may mean:In politics* The Union , referring to the federation that is… … Wikipedia
Union eurasiatique — Евразийский Союз États membres (5) … Wikipédia en Français
Union des Republiques arabes — Union des Républiques arabes Union des Républiques arabes اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية ar 1972 1977 … Wikipédia en Français